1. Nutritional Supplements

Supplements in Pill Form

Food supplements are used to supplement the diet with vitamins, minerals and other substances, such as. As long-chain fatty acids, amino acids, fiber or plant substances useful to supplement.

They contain the nutrients in concentrated and dosed form and are offered as capsules, powder sachets or similar dosage forms. Food supplements are foodstuffs for sensible supplementation of the daily nutrition. Food supplements can contain a single nutrient or a combination of different nutrients (so-called combination products).

According to the 2012 nutrition report from the German Society for Nutrition (DGE), about 25 percent of adults in Germany use dietary supplements.

The biggest market implications are “classic” dietary supplements with vitamins and minerals, with consumers most often encountering magnesium and vitamin C

2. Vitamins and Minerals For Health

Supplement Package

Vitamins and minerals are needed for vital functions, but can not be or are not sufficiently produced by the body itself. They therefore need to be supplied by food. DGE has defined recommendations for nutrient intake in the form of reference values ​​for these so-called essential nutrients.

These designate the quantities that are sufficient to meet the daily needs of a healthy human and thus maintain the health and well-being in the long term. They are to be understood as a guide, that means the needs of individuals may differ. Metabolism vitamins are involved in many important functions of the metabolism, e.g.

For example, in the utilization of carbohydrates, fats and protein or in the development of blood cells, bones and teeth. Vitamin is divided into fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) and water soluble vitamins (B group and C) according to their solubility.

Every single vitamin in the complex “metabolic” system fulfills a variety of diverse tasks.

Mineral substances for bones, muscles, teethAlso minerals are indispensable for a functioning metabolism. They are important for the structure and function of bones, muscles and teeth and play an important role Electrolyte and water balance play a big role. They are differentiated into large or macroelements (eg calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus) and into trace elements or micro elements (eg iron, iodine, zinc, selenium), because the body needs different amounts. Information on the function and occurrence of the individual vitamins and minerals is summarized at the end of the brochure

3. Benefits of dietary supplements for maintaining health

Supplements in Sports

Nutritional supplements can make an important contribution in the context of daily nutrition to supplying the body with all the important nutrients, to fill gaps in supply and to prevent deficiencies. They can be a simple, targeted and safe ingredient in a balanced diet that is also low in calories.

Nutritional supplements help to provide the body with essential nutrients and contribute to the preservation of health and wellbeing as part of a healthy lifestyle Individuals may be of benefit depending on a variety of factors, particularly the individual’s diet, personal lifestyle or current life stage. An example of increased need for particular life circumstances is pregnancy: pregnant women are advised to supplement their diet with iodine and folic acid by scientific societies. In contrast, the use of dietary supplements with vitamin D is especially recommended for people who hardly or not at all are outdoors.

Especially in winter, because of the lack of UV light, vitamin D production via the skin is not sufficient in all age groups and population groups, but especially in seniors.

Nutritional supplements are also a good alternative to meeting daily nutritional needs, for example when regular and balanced meals are made difficult in the context of everyday life, or because certain groups of foods are not or are barely consumed due to aversion to certain foods, religious or ideological requirements or food intolerances.

For example, vegans are advised to supplement their diet with vitamin B12. Basically, dietary supplements can help those who for whatever reason are struggling to ensure adequate nutrition in their daily lives and who want to improve their nutritional intake of nutrients to maintain their wellbeing .Better supply situation

Use of nutritional supplements

The supply of vitamins and minerals is good, according to the 2012 DGE nutrition report. However, it is worth a more differentiated consideration. The nutritional report names vitamins and minerals, which are already critical on average: folate, calcium and, if no iodine salt is used, iodine and iron (women of childbearing age). For other nutrients, although the German population reaches the desirable intake on average, but not parts of the population.

For example, according to the National Consumption Study (NVSII), around 30 percent of Germans are low on vitamin C and about 60 percent of German adults are not adequately supplied with vitamin D according to recent figures (13 DGE Nutrition Report 2016).

The studies confirm that dietary supplements make an important contribution to the sufficient supply of vitamins and minerals and health. For example, according to the DGE Nutrition Report 2012, users of dietary supplements – unlike the “non-users” – also reach the recommended intake levels for the critical nutrients folate, calcium or iron.

4. Potential for Health Conservation


Scientific studies confirm that insufficient intake of omega-3 fatty acids is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Accordingly, good nutritional intake is associated with a reduced risk of disease. Based on this insight, the market research firm Frost & Sullivan has investigated the potential socio-economic benefits of a broad supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids (docosahexaenoic acid – DHA and eicosapentaenoic acid – EPA).

The study found that in Europe, 1.5 million hospital stays over a five-year period in the over-55 age group could be avoided by daily additional intake of 1000 mg of DHA and EPA and the associated improved nutrient supply.

This would be accompanied by savings of health costs of 13 billion euros per year. The study makes it clear that nutritional supplements can not only help individuals to optimize their diet, but also have the potential to generate social benefits.

The use of dietary supplements with calcium and vitamin analysis by the research firm Frost & Sullivan for economic relief by avoiding osteoporotic bone fractures among the 27.8 million Germans over the age of 55.18% of Germans over the age of 55 years a risk of osteoporotic bone fractures € 7.28 billion per year will incur costs for treatment of these fractures.

5. Consumer protection regulations – extensive legal requirements

Powder Suppements

Food supplements are foodstuffs. Therefore, they are subject to the extensive legal regulations that apply to all foods. The most important rule is that food must be safe (Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002) – which manufacturers must guarantee. In addition to the general rules of food law, there are also special rules for dietary supplements that are laid down in the Food Supplements Regulation (NemV). The NemV contains special prescriptions on composition and labeling and prescribes the obligation to notify dietary supplements.Specific labeling requirementsFor food supplements, as for all foods, the general provisions of the Food Information Regulation (LMIV) apply. Therefore, even with food supplements, basic information such as the list of ingredients, the best before date or the name of the manufacturer erforderlich.

So all products are labeled with the term “dietary supplements”, as this is the mandatory name for the products , In addition, the substances that characterize the product must be named. In addition, the amount is per recommended…

Daily dose in absolute quantity (eg 800 mg calcium). For vitamins or minerals it should also be noted how much of the reference intake for the daily intake of each nutrient is covered by the daily intake.

It should also be noted that the recommended daily intake should not be exceeded, supplements not substitute for a balanced diet, and the products are out of the reach of small children. The main responsibility for the safety of their products, the food manufacturers.

They ensure the safety, quality and legal compliance of their products through self-assessments within the company’s internal quality management. In addition, food supplements, like all other foods, are subject to state control by the official food inspection agency.

Any dietary supplements, before they can be sold, will be reported to the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (BVL) to ensure that the products are covered by the food inspection system.

6. Dietary Supplements Safety – Daily Nutrition Products

Suppliers of nutritional supplements are responsible for the safety of the products they produce by taking the utmost care in the development of sophisticated nutrient combinations and dosages. They are based on nutritional knowledge, recommendations for nutrient intake and scientifically based upper limits for safe nutrient intake.

Like all foods, dietary supplements are developed for daily nutrition – for the purpose of preserving health and wellbeing. Other than medicines, they are not for the treatment of diseases and their use requires neither a medical recommendation nor the detection of pathological deficiencies.

Nonetheless, doctors as well as pharmacists, nutritionists or manufacturers are the appropriate contact persons for questions about nutrients and dietary supplements

In particular, persons who suffer from a congenital metabolic disease or regularly take medications, should consult in case of doubt, which supplements are suitable for them. Note nutritional information and recommendations for consumption Consumers can safely use supplements according to the manufacturers’ instructions and recommendations. The product information on the package, in particular the recommended intake, allows consumers to use the products at the desired dosage as part of the daily diet.

The intake of nutrients from the diet and additional dietary supplements should be based on individual needs. The recommended amount for each vitamin and each mineral substance is different levels. Conscious handling of dietary supplements Requirements from a representative survey by the University of Hanover in cooperation with the Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung (GfK) from 2015 confirm that German consumers who consume supplements are very well informed and consciously handle the products.

You read the packing instructions and pay attention to them. If you take several supplements, combine them sensibly.

Keep your eyes open on the Internet Consumers should be attentive, careful and critical when ordering food supplements over the Internet, especially if these products are imported from abroad. For these supplements, the same food regulations apply as for products sold in brick-and-mortar stores.

But the very fact that many of the dubious companies have their headquarters abroad complicates efficient control and prosecution. Of course, there are also reputable providers on the Internet who can safely order food supplements.

However, consumers should take a closer look at the products offered, the product information, the advertising claims and the entire website. Conclusion: Nutritional supplements are foodstuffs that make a meaningful supplement to individual nutrition and should contribute to the maintenance of health as part of a balanced diet.

For whom is the most suitable food supplement depends on the individual lifestyle and the personal diet. Thanks to careful product manufacture, concrete application recommendations and detailed labeling by manufacturers, consumers can ever because “you” will choose a suitable dietary supplement from a wide range of legal, safe and high quality products